In every type of organization, security plays an important
role. The organization have to keep an eye on his important data. The concept
of security management revolves around the protection
of company data from unauthorized people. Nowadays every individual or company
make his data stored electronically. Whether its bank, online store, airline or
any other company. An organization trains his employees about how to be secure
from hackers. An important thing organization do is install anti-virus software
on every computer and protect 3rd party access by computer firewall.
A firewall protects user computer from access of unauthorized apps.
One key point about security management in an operating
system is that you have to update your operating system and all the apps used
in the operating system. Also, you must have the latest version of the operating
system. And there is some mechanism by which your daily data is backup on some
server. The administrator of the company has to save all daily data in a safe
server. Also, there should be multiple backups on different servers. Company manager
has to enforce employees to follow certain rules of data protection to avoid the
risk of data loss.
One important thing to note is that if an employee is fired
from the company then the manager has to instantly remove that user account
from company computers so that he cannot make any damage to the company. If you
are communicating with customers and suppliers often in a day then you have to
make privacy on that part also e.g. you don’t have to give company private
information to the customers and suppliers. Internal information is the assets
of the company. The information should be categorized into different categories.
Categories of information may be the public type which can be shared
publically, also information may be confidential that is known to the owner and
some high management of the company. And some information is private that is
shared with the employees of the company.
Individuals have to also follow some security management
rules e.g. if they are using smartphones or tablets then they have to also
install anti-virus app on it. And individuals have to not install any 3rd
party apps on their smartphones and tablets. If you are using an older version
of the mobile operating system then it is time to update the operating system. In
most of the areas, the internet is accessed through a wireless network. So you
have to restrict wireless network with authentication and encryption so that
unknown user cannot access the network.
In any type of small or big organization, CCTV cameras play
an important role. You can monitor customers and employee’s performance and
check if any assets of the company are misusing. If a company manager notices
any fault part in the organization then it should be removed or make offline so
that it cannot be accessed by the customers.
New user accounts in the company have to be checked and that
account has to be restricted from accessing important data of the organization.
Also, it should be noticed whether that user account is to be given access to
the internet or not. All the user accounts have to reset their password after
some days. And if you are an administrator in the company then you have to not
tell password of any user to any other person in the company. Finally, high-level
management of the company has to make rules so that future security planning
and risk management is handled accurately.