Before I go into details of the Linux operating system, I want to describe what an operating system (OS) is. An operating system is a system software which makes communication between computer hardware and software. There are various types of operating systems e.g. Windows OS, Linux OS, and Mac OS. Windows operating system comes with major releases e.g. windows 7, windows 8 and windows 10. But Linux OS comes with different distribution e.g. Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Zorin OS, Elementary OS, Manjaro Linux.
Now let us discuss some pros and cons of Linux operating
Advantages of Linux operating system
Linux is an open-source OS that means anyone can see the
source code and change it according to his needs. You can freely install Linux
on many computers without getting paid license. If we compare this with windows
or mac then they are paid operating systems. You have to get license of windows
and mac to use on your machine.
No anti-virus software needed:-
In Linux, you do not need anti-virus software to be
installed on your PC. Linux has fewer chances to be affected with virus. The
reason for strong virus protection is that Linux has large number of open
source developers which keeps an eye on virus-related stuff. If any source code
needs to be updated then it is done in no time.
Linux has a vast range of text editors available. If you are
a programmer then you can pick any of free software packages like visual studio
code, Vim, Atom etc. Most of text editors are freely available and you can use
it without any issue.
Powerful command prompt:-
Command prompt in Linux is very advanced and if you are
developer then you can perform most of your work using the command-line
interface. You can install different repositories and packages through the
No reboot needed:-
If you are windows user then you have seen system reboot
while you install/uninstall any software or rebooting when the system becomes
slow. But in case of Linux, you do not need to reboot your system in such
Low system specifications:-
If you have an old computer that has low specification then
you can still run Linux. Linux has different distributions that are available
for all types of computers e.g. large scale computers, servers, Pc etc.
Good at multitasking:-
If you want to do some batch works like printing a large
file or downloading large file then you can concurrently perform other tasks
like typing or coding any program. Linux is good in doing such multitasking and
your system will not slow down.
Less disk space needed:-
If you have limited disk space then you can still run Linux.
You do not need extra disk space for running Linux for a longer time.
Linux supports a large number of file formats. So you have
to not worry if any file format does not run on Linux. You can install
different software packages for specific file format and it will work fine.
Disadvantages of Linux operating
One of the issues that most Linux users face is that some hardware
drivers are not available for Linux. Hardware companies prefer to make drivers
for windows or mac because they have more users as compared to Linux.
Getting started with windows is easy for beginners but
learning Linux is difficult. You have to learn about the command-line interface
and searching for new software is also little bit difficult. If you face any
problem in the operating system then finding solution is problematic. There are
fewer experts for Linux as compared to windows and mac.
Take an example of Photoshop which is a popular graphic
editing tool. Photoshop is available for windows but is not present in Linux. There
are other photo editing tools but Photoshop is a more powerful tool than
others. MS office is another example which is not available for Linux users.
Most of the games are made for windows but not Linux. As windows
platform is widely used so game developers have more interest in windows.